One of the nation's major air, shipping, and rail hubs, the city had a population of 277,140 in 2010, making it the nation's 67th most-populous municipality, after being ranked 63rd in the nation in 2000.
Newark is the second largest city in the New York metropolitan area, located approximately 8 miles (13 km) west of the region's historic core, in lower Manhattan.
Today, Port Newark-Elizabeth is the primary container shipping terminal of the busiest seaport on the American East Coast.
In addition, Newark Liberty International Airport was the first municipal commercial airport in the United States, and today is one of its busiest.
Several leading companies have their headquarters in Newark, including Prudential, Panasonic (North America), Audible.com, and PSEG. District Court for the District of New Jersey holds court in the city, as well.
A number of important higher education institutions are also located in the city, including the Newark campus of Rutgers University (which includes law and medical schools and the world-renowned Rutgers Institute of Jazz Studies); the New Jersey Institute of Technology; and Seton Hall University's law school. Local cultural venues include the New Jersey Performing Arts Center, Newark Symphony Hall, The Prudential Center, The Newark Museum, and the Bears & Eagles Riverfront Stadium.
The name of the city is thought to derive from Newark-on-Trent, England.
This is on the grounds that the name was influenced by the original pastor, Abraham Pierson, who came from Yorkshire but may have ministered in Newark, Nottinghamshire.
and some of the colonists saw it as "New-Work", the settlers' new work with God.
Newark is divided into five political wards, and contains neighborhoods ranging in character from bustling urban districts to quiet suburban enclaves.
Newark's Branch Brook Park is the oldest county park in the United States and is home to the nation's largest collection of cherry blossom trees, numbering over 5,000.
Newark was originally founded in 1666 by Connecticut Puritans led by Robert Treat from the New Haven Colony.
It was conceived as a theocratic assembly of the faithful, though this did not last for long as new settlers came with different ideas.