In the United States, the age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is considered legally old enough to consent to participation in sexual activity.
Individuals aged 15 or younger in Alabama are not legally able to consent to sexual activity, and such activity may result in prosecution for statutory rape.
13A-6-81 : A person commits the crime of a school employee engaging in a sex act or deviant sexual intercourse with a student under the age of 19 years if: (a) He or she is a school employee and engages in a sex act or deviant sexual intercourse with a student, regardless of whether the student is male or female.
Consent is not a defense to a charge under this section.
(b) As used in this section, sex act means sexual intercourse with any penetration, however slight; emission is not required.
Depending on the situation, the Alabama close-in-age exemption may completely exempt qualifying close-in-age couples from the age of consent law, or merely provide a legal defence that can be used in the event of prosecution.
Alabama Age Of Consent Law: 13A-6-70: (c) A person is deemed incapable of consent if he is: (1) Less than 16 years old...
13A-6-67 : (a) A person commits the crime of sexual abuse in the second degree if: ...(2) He, being 19 years old or older, subjects another person to sexual intercourse who is less than 16 years old, but more than 12 years old.13A-6-62 (a) A person commits the crime of rape in the second degree if: ...(1) Being 16 years old or older, he or she engages in sexual intercourse with a member of the opposite sex less than 16 and more than 12 years old; provided, however, the actor is at least two years older than the member of the opposite sex.13A-6-64 : (a) A person commits the crime of sodomy in the second degree if: ...(1) He, being 16 years old or older, engages in deviate sexual intercourse with another person less than 16 and more than 12 years old.